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Trigeminal neuralgia is a neuropathic pain syndrome seen in one half of the face, causing severe pain, an electric shock, pain, and other complaints. The trigeminal nerve is caused by the fact that the nerve is somehow damaged in the ear area after exiting the spinal cord. Pain is in the form of attacks and unilateral. It is usually over 50 years old. A little more is seen in women. During the pain crisis, although the pain is very severe, the patient returns to normal after the crisis. Some activities trigger the onset of a painful crisis. Activities such as shaving, eating, brushing teeth can trigger the start of pain.

Patients with trigeminal neuralgia indications should be assessed in detail in terms of brain and spinal cord diseases. Because in some patients brain tumors, nerve tumors, spinal cord disorders, vessel problems can be related. Therefore, the brain MR should be withdrawn. Screening methods and blood tests are the first choice of medication in patients without any specific pathology. Radiofrequency and surgical methods should be considered in patients who can not be treated with medication. Some authors suggest that acupuncture may be beneficial in treatment.

In summary, trigeminal neuralgia is a neurological disorder characterized by the damage of the trigeminal nerve from the brain to the face, and thus the frontal area of ​​the ear, cheek and face causing severe pain. Assessment is important in terms of brain and spinal cord disorders. There are medication, interventional pain treatment methods and surgical applications in the treatment.

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